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Monday, March 21, 2022

/ (TLE)Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: Causes Risk And Factor Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatments

(TLE)Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: Causes Risk And Factor Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatments

What is temporal lobe epilepsy?

Friends, let us tell you that epilepsy is a brain disorder that causes changes in brain cell activity resulting in seizures, periods of unusual behavior or feelings, and in some cases loss of consciousness Is Temporal lobe epilepsy is one of 20 different types of epilepsy.

And with this, there are two types of temporal lobe epilepsy. Each is defined by the part of the temporal lobe as well as the one in which it originates One begins in the central (inner) region of the temporal lobe, while the other begins in the neocortical (side) region of the temporal lobe. And with that the temporal lobe of the brain handles emotions and the processing of short-term memories and its Also help with storage.
(TLE)Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: Causes Risk And Factor Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatments
Friends tell that temporal lobe epileptic seizures are further classified. And friends, if there is loss of consciousness, then they are called complex partial seizures. If you remain alert, they are called simple partial seizures And with that in most cases, people remain alert during temporal lobe seizures, and that is what causes them to have simple partial seizures.


What causes temporal lobe epilepsy?

And let us tell you that among all types of epilepsy, temporal lobe epilepsy is the most common so It's affected about 60% of all people's with the epilepsy so can occurs at any age's There are many possible causes, and the exact cause is often unknown.

So as well as that experts say, some of the possible causes of temporal lobe seizures include:

  1. Tell friends that this is a serious traumatic brain injury.
  2. History of infections such as infection or meningitis and either this encephalitis
  3. Tell that this is scarring (gliosis) in the hippocampal part of the temporal lobe.
  4. and that's this blood vessel malformation in the brain
  5. the strokes
  6. and that brain tumor
  7. genetics
  8. And with that, abnormal electrical activity in the brain.


What are the symptoms of temporal lobe epilepsy?

And by the time this temporal lobe attack begins, a person may also experience sudden, unusual feelings, such as:

  1. such as deja vu
  2. and she is very happy
  3. as well as that a growing and that sensation in the abdomen
  4. and worry about you

Explain that these early signs are called auras or warnings, and they can last from a few seconds to a few minutes before having a seizure. Other possible ages include hallucinations of sounds, sounds, people, smells, as well as tastes so that's Not of all people's who's experiences temporal lobe seizures experience aura's And also that sometimes people do not remember to experience the aura.

Friends tell that once you have a seizure, you can remain alert, and with that but your body will start twitching and show unconscious actions You will make repeated, uncontrollable movements such as lip smacking, swallowing, chewing, staring or hand-rubbing. Also those temporal lobe seizures vary from person to person. They can be long or short, and they can be intense or mild to the point where you don't even notice it happening.

After having a temporal lobe seizure, you may experience:

  1. like you have trouble speaking
  2. confusion
  3. And she was so unaware that there was a seizure
  4. and that intense fatigue to you

Rarely, people who experience a temporal lobe seizure will experience a generalized tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizure, and one that causes convulsions and loss of consciousness.


Who is at risk for temporal lobe epilepsy?

In addition, the most common risk factor for temporal lobe epilepsy is a seizure, especially an unusually long-lasting one, with a fever at some point in your life so That's Others commons risk and factors for the temporal lobe epilepsy includes:

  1. and as if he suffered head trauma with loss of consciousness
  2. And that childhood hurt of yours
  3. birth injuries
  4. brain defect
  5. and that infections
  6. and your brain tumor

Most cases of temporal lobe epilepsy begin in a person's late teens or early 20s. And friends, experts say that hormonal changes that affect women's menstrual cycles and ovulation can result in a higher number of seizures.


How is temporal lobe epilepsy diagnosed?

A doctor can diagnose temporal lobe seizures by a detailed description of how these seizures happened And with this it is often suggested that third party witnesses describe the seizures, and also because they may be better able to remember what happened.

Let us tell you that the standard radiological procedure used to diagnose temporal lobe epilepsy is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and the one that is done on your brain Doctors look for specific brain abnormalities associated with temporal lobe epilepsy.

Let us tell you that the doctor will also do an electroencephalogram (EEG), which is a very used test to measure the electrical activity of the brain. The sharp waves that appear in the right places on the EEG are usually a sign of temporal lobe epilepsy. In addition, your doctor sometimes records seizures on a video EEG monitor, usually when determining whether surgery will be helpful in treating localized seizures.


How is temporal lobe epilepsy treated?

It should be noted that most people with temporal lobe epilepsy respond well to anti-epileptic drugs Moreover, although these drugs have many side effects, which include fatigue, weight gain, and dizziness They may also interfere with other medications such as oral contraceptives.

Friends, let us tell you that at least one third of people with temporal lobe epilepsy do not respond to medication alone and at the same time require other medical interventions to treat their disorder. That surgery itself is another common treatment for people with temporal lobe epilepsy. It is used to eliminate the number of seizures a person experiences and he or she can reduce it. However, all surgeries carry risks, and a failed surgery can actually cause neurological problems.

So it is only among the other types of medical interventions used to treat temporal lobe epilepsy that they include:

  1. Vagus nerve stimulation: This is a stimulator surgically implanted in the chest below the collarbone, and one in which wires from the stimulator connect to the vagus nerve in the neck, as well as one that causes seizures. Decreasing the frequency and intensity may help.
  2. Reactive neurostimulation: This is a stimulating device placed on the surface of the brain or in the brain tissue, and that which is connected to a battery-operated generator that is attached to the skull near the brain And in addition, the device detects the seizure and, in an attempt to stop it, sends electrical stimulation to the area where the seizure is occurring.
  3. Deep brain stimulation: Friends, let us tell you that this is an experimental treatment in which the electrode is implanted in a part of the brain and that is called the thalamus. These electrodes emit electrical signals and they stop seizures.


Activities with caution

Friends, let us tell you that changes in your lifestyle can also help reduce the risk of getting injured or injured during a seizure And with this, some activities can be dangerous and friends that if you have temporal lobe epilepsy or otherwise there is a possibility of seizures. 

And that includes:

  1. Swimming: Tell friends that if you choose to swim, and he should not go it alone and at the same time always wear a life saver.
  2. Bathing: And friends that you take a shower instead of sitting in the bathtub because of the danger of drowning in the tub with it.
  3. Working above ground: Friends, working on this ladder, ceiling and other high places can be dangerous, as well as that because you can fall and injure yourself.
  4. Driving a car and either operating machinery: States have different licensing restrictions for people with a history of seizures.

You might consider wearing a medical alert bracelet, as well as one that can be referred to emergency personnel or people around you in case of a seizure. And also one that can be used in your case, in an emergency He should list who to contact, what medications you take, as well as your drug allergies.


What is the outlook for temporal lobe epilepsy?

Friends, let us tell you that while temporal lobe epilepsy can be successfully treated with medicine or surgery, and at the same time, it always poses a danger to those living with it and possibly to other people, especially heavy machinery. And either that or during the operation of motor vehicles. Additionally, people with epilepsy and those who are resistant to drug treatment are more likely to experience memory as well as mood problems. These challenges can reduce quality of life and increase the risk of death And when it is properly managed through medications and lifestyle adaptations, only then can people with seizures lead full lives.

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