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Sunday, January 2, 2022

/ What is Kidney Stones: Everything causes symptoms diagnosis and treatments

What is Kidney Stones: Everything causes symptoms diagnosis and treatments

Friends, let us tell you that these kidney stones, and either these kidney stones, are solid masses made of crystals And with this, this kidney stone usually originates in your kidney. However, they can develop anywhere along your urinary tract, and one that also contains the following parts:

  1. like your kidneys
  2. ureter
  3. and bladder
  4. and urethra

And so kidney stones can be a painful medical problem. Also, the causes of kidney stones vary according to the type of stone.

And with this, not all kidney stones are made of the same crystals. As well as these different types of kidney stones include:
What is Kidney Stones: Everything causes symptoms diagnosis and treatments
and this calcium And also this calcium stone is the most common. And also they are often composed of calcium oxalate, although they may contain calcium phosphate and either malate.

And at the same time, the risk of developing this type of stone can be reduced by eating foods that are low in oxalate As well as this, foods high in oxalate include:

  1. as well as this potato chips
  2. and peanuts
  3. and chocolate
  4. and spins

However, it may be noted that some kidney stones are made of calcium, as well as this, but by taking enough calcium in your diet itself, stone formation can be prevented.


Uric acid

That is Types of the kidney of stone is a second most common And they can occur in people with arthritis, diabetes, obesity, as well as other types of metabolic syndrome.

Tell friends that this type of stone develops when the urine is too acidic. Also, this purine-rich diet can increase the acidic level of urine. And at the same time that purine is a colorless substance in animal proteins such as fish, shellfish as well as this meat.


Struvite

This type of stone is mostly found in people with urinary tract infection (UTI). And this stone can become big and at the same time it can cause this blockage in urine itself.

Let us tell you that this struvite stone occurs as a result of kidney infection. As well as treating the underlying infection, it can only prevent the development of struvite stones.


Cysteine

Let us tell you that around 1 in 7,000 people around the world have cystine kidney stones And also they occur in both men as well as women who have that genetic disorder cystinuria.

And so with this type of stone, cysteine ​​— an acid that occurs naturally in the body — leaks from the kidneys into your urine.


The signs and symptoms of kidney stones?

And at the same time that kidney stone can cause severe pain. And with this, the symptoms of kidney stones may not appear until the stone starts going down the ureter. And also this severe pain is called renal colic. And it could be pain on one side of your back or abdomen.

Friends, only in men, the pain can radiate to the waist area. And also this colic pain comes and goes and it can be but severe. And these people with kidney colic are restless.

Other symptoms of kidney stones may include:

  1. This is blood in your urine (red, pink, and brown urine of either you)
  2. make you vomit
  3. your nausea
  4. you have discolored and foul-smelling urine
  5. you feel cold
  6. you have a fever
  7. you need to urinate frequently
  8. Tell that he urinates in small amounts of urine.

And also that in the case of you small kidney stone, you may not have any pain either and that is because the stone passes through your urinary tract.


Due to kidney stones

This year, people between the ages of 20 and 50 are also most likely to have kidney stones.

Be aware that these various factors can increase your risk of developing stones. And at the same time, in the United States, white people are much more likely to have kidney stones than black people.

Please note that sex also plays a role. And according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), more men than women develop kidney stones.

Along with this, that history of your kidney stones can also greatly increase your risk. And that is if there is a family history of kidney stones.

Other risk factors include:

  1. and it dehydrates
  2. make you fat
  3. This is a diet high in protein, salt or glucose
  4. And at the same time I am that hyperparasitic state
  5. and gastric bypass surgery
  6. you have inflammatory bowel diseases that increase calcium absorption
  7. So that's also take a medications like a triamterene and diuretics so antiseizure drug as well as calcium-based antacids.


How are kidney stones treated?

Please tell that it is treated according to the type of stone. And with this your urine may be strained and it is only then that stones may be collected for evaluation.

And tell that by drinking six to eight glasses of water a day, the flow of urine increases. And people who are dehydrated and either have very severe nausea and vomiting, and they may even need intravenous fluids Other treatment options include:


Medicine

Tell that he may need these narcotic drugs only for pain relief. And at the same time the presence of the infection itself requires treatment with antibiotics. And along with this, he is involved in other types of drugs:

  1. Please tell that it is allopurinol (Xyloprim) for uric acid stone.
  2. These are thiazide diuretics only to prevent the formation of calcium stones.
  3. And also I suggest sodium bicarbonate and either this sodium citrate to make your urine less acidic
  4. And at the same time, to prevent the formation of calcium stones, this phosphorus solution
  5. And then ibuprofen (Advil) for pain
  6. as well as acetaminophen (Tylenol) for that pain
  7. And it's only for the pain
  8. So Naproxen Sodium (Aleve)
  9. Lithotripsy

So that Extracorporeal to the shock wave lithotripsy uses to sound wave break up and the large stone that's they can be more the easily pass through the ureter into your bladder.

In addition, this procedure can be uncomfortable and may require light anesthesia. And also it can hurt the stomach as well as this back and it can also cause bleeding around the kidney and the surrounding organs.

and this tunnel surgery (percutaneous nephrolithotomy)
And this is where a surgeon removes the stones through a small incision in and along your back.

A person may need this procedure when:

Please tell that this stone causes blockage as well as infection and either it is causing great damage to your kidney.
And this stone is so big it can't pass
And also I can't manage that pain
ureteroscopy

Let us tell you that when the stone gets stuck in the ureter and either, and that is only your doctor, he can use an instrument called ureteroscope to remove it.

And with this a small wire attached to this camera is inserted into the urethra and it goes into the bladder. And then the doctor uses a small cage to hold the stone in place and with that he removes it. And this stone is then sent to the laboratory for analysis.


Pain management

Let us tell you that passing this kidney stone can cause pain and trouble for you.

And your doctor may recommend taking over-the-counter pain relievers, such as acetaminophen and either ibuprofen, to help ease symptoms.

For severe pain, your doctor may also prescribe a narcotic and either an anti-inflammatory drug, and he or she may inject ketorolac (Toradol).

Not only that, other natural remedies may also provide short-term relief from symptoms, including taking a warm bath or shower and either applying a heating pad to the affected area.

and that kidney stone test and diagnosis
And diagnosing your kidney stones requires a thorough health history evaluation as well as a physical exam. 

And this includes other types of tests only:

  1. Let me tell you that this is a blood test for calcium, phosphorus, uric acid as well as electrolytes.
  2. and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) as well as creatinine to assess kidney function
  3. and urinalysis to check for crystals, bacteria, blood and white cells
  4. And then on examination of the passing stones he was able to determine their type.

The following tests can rule out blockage:

  1. X-ray of your abdomen
  2. and this intravenous pyelogram (IVP)
  3. and this retrograde pyelogram
  4. Ultrasound of your kidney (preferred test)
  5. MRI scan of your stomach and kidney
  6. Abdominal CT scan.

It should be noted that this CT scan as well as the contrast dye used in IVP can affect kidney function only. And this though, and even in people with normal kidney function, is not a concern at all.

Friends, let us tell you that these are some medicines and those that in conjunction with this dye can increase the chances of kidney damage. And also make sure that your radiologist knows about any medications you are taking and that.

Tell that to pass this kidney stone
So that's is passing kidney a stone and it's a process that's usually to happens in stages over a period of several weeks.


Steps

Let us tell you that here are the steps and those that happen when you pass your kidney stone:

  1. Step 1. Tell that only after the formation of this kidney stone, you may experience cramps and friends this is because your kidneys try to take the stone out. And this can only cause severe pain in your back and either side, and with it I can go in waves either.
  2. Phase 2. Tell friends that it is during this phase that your stone enters the ureter, and that is the tube connecting the kidney to the bladder itself. And depending on the size of the stone, this stage can cause pain as well as that feeling of intense pressure.
  3. Stage 3. Tell that once it reaches the stone bladder, then most of the pain will subside. And friends, however, with this, I myself can feel the increased pressure in the bladder and also the need to urinate more often. In some cases, this stone can get temporarily stuck at the opening of the urethra, and with it it can block the flow of urine.
  4. Step 4. Tell that this is the last stage and that is when this stone reaches the urethra. And friends, it is during this phase that you have to push hard only to flush out the kidney stone with urine through the opening of the urethra.


So how long does it take a kidney stone to the pass?

Tell that the amount of time it takes for the kidney stone to come out, and tell that it can vary depending on the size of the stone. And friends, generally, small stones are able to pass through the urine within 1-2 weeks, and this is often without any treatment.

On the other hand, it may take 2-3 weeks for very large stones to move to the kidney as well as the bladder.

Let us tell you that this stone which does not heal on its own within 4 weeks, and it is he who usually needs that medical treatment.


How to prevent kidney stones

Friends, let us tell you that proper hydration is a major preventive measure. And along with that I am also advised to drink enough fluids to pass at least 2.5 liters of urine each day. And it also helps flush the kidneys by increasing the amount of urine that you pass.

Be aware that you can substitute ginger ale, lemon-lime soda, as well as fruit juices for water to help increase your fluid intake. Also, if the stone is related to low citrate levels, then only this citrate juice can help prevent stone formation.

Let us tell you that by eating oxalate-rich foods in small amounts and reducing the intake of salt and animal protein as well, that risk of kidney stones can be greatly reduced.

Tell that your doctor is the only calcium and with this I am 
He may prescribe medications to help prevent the buildup of uric acid stones. And friends that if you have kidney stones and either it puts you at risk of getting kidney stones, and only then you should talk to your doctor and discuss the best methods of prevention.

  1. As these are the foods that can cause kidney stones
  2. And you can also help prevent kidney stones by drinking more water and moreover, modifying your diet as well.

And here are some of the foods you may need to limit or avoid:

    1. like beef
    2. and this rooster
    3. and pork
    4. and this organ meat
    5. and fish
    6. and oysters
    7. eggs
    8. Milk
    9. and cheese
    10. Curd
    11. and processed meat
    12. fast food
    13. and like this frozen food
    14. and salty snacks

It should be noted that meat, poultry, seafood as well as all dairy products such as these animal proteins can increase the level of uric acid in your urine and also increase your risk of developing kidney stones. can increase the risk of.


When to see a doctor

Friends, let us tell you that in many cases, only small kidney stones can pass on their own and for this it does not require any treatment.

Be aware that if you are able to manage your pain with over-the-counter medications and if it is not a sign of infection and severe symptoms such as nausea or vomiting, And that alone may not be the treatment you need.

However, if you experience any of the following symptoms, then you should seek immediate medical attention:

  1. blood in your urine
  2. you have a fever
  3. you feel cold
  4. and this cloudy or foul-smelling urine
  5. make you vomit
  6. And with that I feel a severe pain in your back and either side of you.
  7. you have pain while urinating and either a burning
  8. you have difficulty urinating

Friends, if you are unable to see your doctor, and only then you should go to the emergency room only to get treatment.

Friends, if you have these frequent kidney stones, and that is only you should talk to your doctor, even if your symptoms get better without treatment.

Let your doctor know that this is the only way your doctor can help develop a plan to prevent kidney stones from forming as well as prevent long-term complications.


Take away

Be aware that although kidney stones can be a painful and at the same time frustrating problem, there are many different treatment options available.

So that's by the way a it's really, it's these many medications and also these procedures and that's what they can help you manage the symptoms and promote the passage of kidney stones.

Moreover, staying well hydrated and making changes to your diet can easily prevent kidney stones from forming in the long run.

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